benin city language

English is studied as a foreign language in secondary schools. The main driver of growth is the agricultural sector, with cotton being the country's main export, while services continue to contribute the largest part of GDP largely because of Benin's geographical location, enabling trade, transportation, transit and tourism activities with its neighboring states. Vb ye h ? For instance, the mid vowels written é, è, ô, o in French are written e, ɛ, o, ɔ in Beninese languages, whereas the consonants are written ng and sh or ch in English are written ŋ and c. However, digraphs are used for nasal vowels and the labial-velar consonants kp and gb, as in the name of the Fon language Fon gbe /fõ ɡ͡be/, and diacritics are used as tone marks. The main research structures in Benin are the Centre for Scientific and Technical Research, National Institute of Agricultural Research, National Institute for Training and Research in Education, Office of Geological and Mining Research and the Centre for Entomological Research. The banking system collapsed. It is also the season when farmers burn brush in the fields.[46]. The Benin Moat (Iya in the local language) was built as a defensive fortification around Benin City in the great Kingdom during the time it was at its height and when the kingdom engaged in many wars. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on August 1 2017 in Society. [citation needed], The Portuguese visited Benin City around 1485. ", "Did you know Tchumbuli is severely endangered? By about 1750, the King of Dahomey was earning an estimated £250,000 per year by selling African captives to European slave-traders.[26]. Beninese cuisine involves fresh meals served with a variety of key sauces. According to title II, article 11 of the Constitution, All communities comprising the Béninese nation shall enjoy the freedom to use their spoken and written languages and to develop their own culture while respecting those of others, and the State must promote the development of national languages of intercommunication.

[20] By 1727, king Agaja of the Kingdom of Dahomey had conquered the coastal cities of Allada and Whydah, but it had become a tributary of the Oyo empire and did not directly attack the Oyo allied city-state of Porto-Novo. It is especially the conjugation rules that have been changed the most, especially the less common forms like the literary style. Substantial employment and income arise from subsistence farming. Its museum (1960) has a notable collection of some of the kingdom’s early pieces. In 1989, riots broke out when the regime did not have enough money to pay its army. Cheese is used in some dishes. Pop. Igue festival is the most popular of the festivals where the Oba celebrates the history and culture of his people and blesses the land and the people. Behind the coast lies the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic-covered plateaus of southern Benin (altitude between 20 and 200 m (66 and 656 ft)), which are split by valleys running north to south along the Couffo, Zou, and Ouémé Rivers. This corresponds to 115 researchers per million inhabitants. Igodo, the first Ogiso, wielded much influence and gained popularity as a good ruler. [1] Of those, French is the official language, and all the indigenous languages are considered national languages.[2].

Alternatively, Yorubas believe Oduduwa was from the Middle East and migrated from that area to the present Ile Ife. [24], The kings of Dahomey sold their war captives into transatlantic slavery. In the north and the northwest of Benin, the Reserve du W du Niger and Pendjari National Park attract tourists eager to see elephants, lions, antelopes, hippos, and monkeys. In 2016, Benin had 0.9 global hectares [58] of biocapacity per person within its territory, much less than the world average of 1.6 global hectares per person. This enabled the French to take over the area in 1892. [76] Félix Couchoro wrote the first Beninese novel, L'Esclave (The Slave), in 1929. The premier web site of Edo speaking people. Within this expenditure, Benin devoted quite a large share to tertiary education: 0.97% of GDP. A new port is currently under construction between Cotonou and Porto Novo. [3] In the "Punitive Expedition", a 1,200-strong British force, under the command of Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, conquered and razed the city after all but two men from a previous British expeditionary force led by Acting Consul General Philips were killed.

Only one in three mothers had access to child health care services. [9] The language is mainly spoken in the Atlantique, Littoral, Collines and Zou Departments. [citation needed] The country was afterward known by this name. . He and Erinwide had a son. [68], Benin has the third-highest publication intensity for scientific journals in West Africa, according to Thomson Reuters' Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded. In the north there are half a dozen regionally important languages, including Bariba (once counted as a Gur language) and Fulfulde. Benin was ranked 18th out of 52 African countries and scored best in the categories of Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights.[39]. Transport in Benin includes road, rail, water and air transportation.

To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. Kérékou and former president Soglo did not run in the 2006 elections, as both were barred by the constitution's restrictions on age and total terms of candidates. [56] Growth in real output has averaged around 5% in the past seven years, but rapid population growth has offset much of this increase.[when?] Spanish is taught and[21] German is also taught in many Beninese secondary schools. EDO WORDS/LANGUAGE - PHONOLOGY. Between 2008 and 2014, Benin's main scientific collaborators were based in France (529 articles), United States (261), United Kingdom (254), Belgium (198) and Germany (156).[67]. The Trans-West African Coastal Highway crosses Benin, connecting it to Nigeria to the east, and Togo, Ghana and Ivory Coast to the west. The language is spoken by about 4 million people, constituting around 35% of Benin’s population.

Quick facts: The Benin walls consisted of a combination of ramparts and moats. The list below is of those known or discovered at the time of writing..Any reader who knows any … The houses are large, especially that of the king, which is richly decorated and has fine columns. [15], Little is known of Benin's early history. This article incorporates text from a free content work. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... All countries with Guinea in their names are in Africa. It is situated approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the Benin River and 320 kilometres (200 mi) by road east of Lagos. American Sign Language is used by the deaf community of Benin. The capital's name Porto-Novo is of Portuguese origin, meaning "New Port". Spanish is taught and[21] German is also taught in many Beninese secondary schools. The economy of Benin is dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. During the colonial period and at independence, the country was known as Dahomey. [19] There is a high demand for English teachers in Benin. [70], During the 1980s, less than 30% of the country's population had access to primary health care services. Secondary schools in Nigeria are, among others, Edo College, Edo Boys High School (Adolo College), Western Boys High School, Oba Ewuare Grammar School, Greater Tomorrow Secondary School, Garrick Memorial Secondary School, Winrose Secondary School, Asoro Grammar School, Eghosa Grammar School, Edokpolor Grammar School, Covenant Christian Academy, Niger College, Presentation National High School, Immaculate Conception College, Idia College, University of Benin Demonstration Secondary School, University Preparatory Secondary School, Auntie Maria School, Benin Technical College, Headquarters of Word of Faith Group of Schools, Lydia Group of Schools, Nosakhare Model Education Centre and Igbinedion Educational Center, Federal Government Girls College, Benin City, Paragon Comprehensive College, and Itohan Girls Grammar School. [6] This was about the time the people of Ọkpẹkpẹ migrated from Benin City. [1] It is situated approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the Benin River and 320 kilometres (200 mi) by road east of Lagos. …animal figures; and Yoruba and Benin shrine pieces containing mammal and bird forms.…. The distance from the Niger River in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the south is about 650 km (404 mi). He changed his name back after claiming to be a born-again Christian. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

Benin City is the capital, and largest city of Edo State in southern Nigeria. The area was named the "Slave Coast" because of this flourishing trade. [26] This decline continued until 1885, when the last slave ship departed from the coast of the modern Benin Republic bound for Brazil in South America, which had yet to abolish slavery. Segun Toyin Dawodu.

[9][10] Alan Boisragon, one of the survivors of the Benin Massacre, includes references to the practice of human sacrifice in the city in a firsthand account written in 1898 (one year after the Punitive Expedition). The literacy rate in Benin is among the lowest in the world: in 2015 it was estimated to be 38.4% (49.9% for males and 27.3% for females). The Oyo Empire, located primarily to the east of modern Benin, was the most significant large-scale military force in the region. [33] Marxism–Leninism was abolished as the nation's form of government. Not all the letters and the marks are used in all languages. Benin City also has sawmills. The indigenous people of Benin City are the Edo people (The Benin People), and they speak the Edo language and other Edoid languages. It had important trade relations with Portugal during the last centuries before being destroyed in 1897 by a British punitive raid. [citation needed], Religion in Benin (CIA World Factbook estimate 2013)[49], In the 2013 census, 48.5% of the population of Benin were Christian (25.5% Roman Catholic, 6.7% Celestial Church of Christ, 3.4% Methodist, 12.9% other Christian denominations), 27.7% were Muslim, 11.6% practiced Vodun, 2.6% practiced other local traditional religions, 2.6% practiced other religions, and 5.8% claimed no religious affiliation.

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