enugu city population

Ngwuako positioned Udeneogu, his warrior son of on top of the hill (Enu-Ugwu) to protect the clan from invaders. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Demographers have however, continually put the realistic population figure of Enugu State at six million. University Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Enugu, under the university of Nigeria, is another university located in the city.

Most hospitals in the city suffer from a poor standard of medical facilities available to them;[135] many of the city's citizens travel abroad for medical care. [104][105] In 2007, Enugu hosted the first-ever film festival in the state, the Enugu International Film Festival. In Ogebete market non-food goods are also sold. Many of the Zikists tried to use the Iva Valley shooting to fuel their nationalistic agenda and push the British imperial administration, out of Nigeria. [76][77][78] Most of the non-indigenous people of Enugu are migrants from other parts of the Igbo cultural area. [30] A northern headed war on the secession (1967—1970) and continuous attacks on the Igbos in other part of Nigeria lead[2] Igbos from northern and western Nigeria to return to their "native" areas in eastern Nigeria and Enugu became a destination. Enugu is also one of the filming locations for directors of the Nigerian movie industry, dubbed "Nollywood". [51] The tower was built in the late 50s for the African Continental Bank Limited which was founded by Nnamdi Azikiwe who became the first president of Nigeria after the country's independence from the United Kingdom in October 1960. [21] The first coal mine in the Enugu area was the Udi mine opened in 1915 which was shut down two years later and replaced with the Iva Valley mine.

Please check your download folder. [32][33] Because of the war, Enugu witnessed a decrease in the number of non-Igbo, specifically non-eastern Nigerian residents. On the federal level, the city of Enugu is split between two congressional areas; Enugu North/South represented by Chukwuegbo Ofor and Enugu East represented by Gilbert Nnaji; both representatives are in the People's Democratic Party (PDP) as is Ifeanyichukwu Ugwuanyi (GBURU-GBURU), the governor of Enugu State. In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Enugu, Nigeria is - 715 774 people. [107] He again moved to the city during the Nigerian Civil War after escaping Lagos with his family. The town owes its existence to the discovery of coal on the plateau in 1909, which led to the building of Port Harcourt. Its headquarters are in the city of Enugu. The discovery of coal deposits on Enugwu Ngwuo farm lands down the valley, attracted people from all and sundry to the newly discovered wealth, in search for means of living, and as depicted in the map of the original plan for a government station, titled Enugwu Ngwo government station, this marked the core of the first urban settlement of what is today known as Enugu, started on Ngwuo land and it was called Enugwu Ngwuo until when it attained township status, the word Ngwo was removed for the convenience of pronunciation, thus a village of Ngwuo clan gave birth to a city which today has grown into a mega city, and still growing, engulfing the surrounding Nkanu towns of Nike and Akunino and stretching towards Neke and Emene. [142] Most transport enters and leaves the city through Enugu's Ogbete Motor Park,[2] Garki Motor Park serves as a transport pick-up point as well. [134], Many of the hospitals in Enugu are privately run. [16] The Aro Confederacy ended and the rest of Aro dominated areas was added to The Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, declared in 1900. [150] The A3 goes further on past Enugu's north to link to the city of Jos via Makurdi.

[28][29] Biafra was declared by Ojukwu because of Eastern Nigeria after their members were attacked injured and killed in a series of ethnic attacks launched by some other ethnic groups in other parts of the country following the first military coup executed by mostly Igbo generals, in which top northern Nigerian leaders among others were terminated. [62][63] Enugu South is split between its rural and urban parts when electing an Executive Chairman. The first houses built in the area were in a temporary settlement consisting of Igbo traditional mud housing inhabited by a W. J. Leck and some other Europeans on Hill-top, the only plain on the escarpment rolling before the jungled Milliken Hill. 477 of these detainees were accused of committing capital offences which included kidnapping. Map of Enugu Town with interest points. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. After the majority Igbo, the Yoruba people are another significant ethnic group found present in Enugu; other groups include the Hausa, Kanuri, Ijaw, and Fulani people. [121] There are three main urban markets in Enugu: Ogbete Market, Awkunanaw Market and New Market. OYO STATE – 15 MILLION.

Enugu was then renamed simply Enugu and developed as one of the few cities in West Africa created from European contact. The city is also home to Our Saviour Institute of Science and Technology, a polytechnic and Bigard Memorial Seminary. [40] Enugu's hills at the extreme may reach an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). Updates? [34] Years after the Republic of Biafra reverted to Nigeria, Enugu is still regarded as the "Capital of Igboland. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwuo, under which coal was found. [22] Enugu is located in the Cross River basin[39] and the Benue trough and has the best developed coal in this area. As of 2005[update] there are no significant coal mining activities left in the city. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. The construction of a quay at Port Harcourt in 1918, via the National Archives of … [42] Other geological features in Enugu include the Nike Lake near which the Nike Lake Hotel has been built.

Enugu State of Nigeria. Enugu (/ eɪ ˈ n uː ɡ uː / ay-NOO-goo; Igbo: Énugwú) is the capital of Enugu State in Nigeria.It is located in southeastern Nigeria. The Nike used slaves for a defence strategy, placing slave camps at the edge of their territories so that it was harder for an enemy to access the free born. [1] Nike in the Igbo language means "with strength or power. Other groups include the Awkunanaw people, who live mainly in the Achara Layout and Uwani areas. "[2][35], Enugu resumed in 1970 as the capital of the East Central State after the republic was dissolved. [57] Some other examples of these European styles are visible in churches of the colonial era, such as the Holy Ghost Cathedral with its Greco-Roman stained glass windows depicting Europeans. [47] Other weather conditions affecting the city include Harmattan, a dusty trade wind lasting a few weeks of December and January.

[72] In this case the dominant language is Igbo. On 3 February 1976 the East Central State was made into two new states, Imo and Anambra; there were then 19 states in Nigeria;[36] Enugu was the capital of Anambra.

Enugu Zoo is another attraction in the city. (2016 est.) [15][20] After the land acquisition by the British, Frederick Lugard, the Governor-General of Nigeria at the time, named the colliery built at the bottom of the Udi Hills Enugu Coal Camp to distinguish it from Enugwu Ngwo[2] which overlooks the city from atop a scarp on Enugu's west.

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