william shakespeare

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, a bustling market town 100 miles northwest of London, and baptized there on April 26, 1564. Instead, at age 18 he married. His parents were John Shakespeare, a successful glover originally from Snitterfield in Warwickshire, and Mary Arden, the youngest daughter of John's father's landlord, a member of the local gentry. Others read the same passages as the expression of intense friendship rather than romantic love. [210] Until Romeo and Juliet, for example, romance had not been viewed as a worthy topic for tragedy.

[15] This date, which can be traced to a mistake made by an 18th-century scholar, has proved appealing to biographers because Shakespeare died on the same date in 1616. [38][39] Little evidence substantiates such stories other than hearsay collected after his death, and Shakeshafte was a common name in the Lancashire area.[40][41]. A series of scholarly editions of his work, notably those of Samuel Johnson in 1765 and Edmond Malone in 1790, added to his growing reputation. Check out some of the IMDb editors' favorites movies and shows to round out your Watchlist. [37] Some 20th-century scholars suggested that Shakespeare may have been employed as a schoolmaster by Alexander Hoghton of Lancashire, a Catholic landowner who named a certain "William Shakeshafte" in his will. (Most scholars and literary historians dismiss this hypothesis, although many suspect Shakespeare sometimes collaborated with other playwrights.). among others.

[12][13][14][15][16] The King Edward VI School at Stratford was on Church Street, less than a quarter of a mile from Shakespeare's home and within a few yards from where his father sat on the town council. Shakespeare said he believed the enclosure would not go through, a prediction that turned out to be correct. Hamnet died at the age of 11 from unknown reasons. Inscribed in Latin on his funerary monument: Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon, Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship, "How Shakespeare was turned into a German", "Unser Shakespeare: Germans' mad obsession with the Bard", "Simon Callow: What the Dickens? Scholars are not certain when each of the 154 sonnets was composed, but evidence suggests that Shakespeare wrote sonnets throughout his career for a private readership. For other persons of the same name, see, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, "He was not of an age, but for all time.

Shakespeare's works include the 36 plays printed in the First Folio of 1623, listed according to their folio classification as comedies, histories, and tragedies. While it is not known or confirmed, many in literature circles believe that the sonnets accurately The couple married around 1557 and lived on Henley Street when Shakespeare was born, purportedly in a house now known as Shakespeare's Birthplace. Others argue that Shakespeare's holding was not unusual. His works span tragedy, comedy, and historical works, both in poetry and prose. There is good evidence to associate her with a family of Hathaways who inhabited a beautiful farmhouse, now much visited, 2 miles [3.2 km] from Stratford.) It is also reported, according to a note added by Samuel Johnson to the 1765 edition of Rowe's Life, that Shakespeare minded the horses for theatre patrons in London. [105][106], Most playwrights of the period typically collaborated with others at some point, and critics agree that Shakespeare did the same, mostly early and late in his career. [64][66] By 1604, he had moved north of the river again, to an area north of St Paul's Cathedral with many fine houses. Born in England, he migrated with the Separatist congregation to the Netherlands as a teenager.

He was baptised on 26 April 1564[a] in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England, in the Holy Trinity Church. The most famous include Sonnet 18, with opening lines "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? He was granted the honour of burial in the chancel not on account of his fame as a playwright but for purchasing a share of the tithe of the church for £440 (a considerable sum of money at the time). Thomas was ordered by the church court to do public penance, which would have caused much shame and embarrassment for the Shakespeare family. Extant records of Shakespeare's property purchases and investments indicate that his association with the company made him a wealthy man,[53] and in 1597, he bought the second-largest house in Stratford, New Place, and in 1605, invested in a share of the parish tithes in Stratford. Susanna and Judith would live to old age, while Hamnet, Shakespeare’s only son, died at 11. Stratford enjoyed a grammar school of good quality, and the education there was free, the schoolmaster’s salary being paid by the borough.

He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). [223][224] Actor and theatre director Simon Callow writes, "this master, this titan, this genius, so profoundly British and so effortlessly universal, each different culture – German, Italian, Russian – was obliged to respond to the Shakespearean example; for the most part, they embraced it, and him, with joyous abandon, as the possibilities of language and character in action that he celebrated liberated writers across the continent.

[243], The modernist revolution in the arts during the early 20th century, far from discarding Shakespeare, eagerly enlisted his work in the service of the avant-garde. [157] Londoners flocked there to see the first part of Henry IV, Leonard Digges recording, "Let but Falstaff come, Hal, Poins, the rest ... and you scarce shall have a room". In one playing season alone, that of 1586–87, five different acting troupes visited Stratford. He increasingly tuned his metaphors and images to the needs of the drama itself. And cvrst be he yͭ moves my bones. Shakespeare’s father, John, dabbled in farming, wood trading, tanning, leatherwork, money lending and other occupations; he also held a series of municipal positions before falling into debt in the late 1580s… But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! 2 February 1612), Joan (bap.

[123] Shakespeare's next comedy, the equally romantic Merchant of Venice, contains a portrayal of the vengeful Jewish moneylender Shylock, which reflects Elizabethan views but may appear derogatory to modern audiences. William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. There is some dispute about how many plays Shakespeare wrote.

Eliot argued against Shaw that Shakespeare's "primitiveness" in fact made him truly modern. [67][68], Rowe was the first biographer to record the tradition, repeated by Johnson, that Shakespeare retired to Stratford "some years before his death". Considered the greatest English-speaking writer in history and known as England’s national poet, William Shakespeare (1564-1616) has had more theatrical works performed than any other playwright.

Other writers have applied their keenness of mind in this way, but Shakespeare is astonishingly clever with words and images, so that his mental energy, when applied to intelligible human situations, finds full and memorable expression, convincing and imaginatively stimulating. It is not known whether this was written by Shakespeare himself or by the publisher, Thomas Thorpe, whose initials appear at the foot of the dedication page; nor is it known who Mr. W.H. Examples include the words “fashionable” (“Troilus and Cressida”), “sanctimonious” (“Measure for Measure”), “eyeball” (“A Midsummer Night’s Dream”) and “lackluster” (“As You Like It”); and the expressions “foregone conclusion” (“Othello”), “in a pickle” (“The Tempest”), “wild goose chase” (“Romeo and Juliet”) and “one fell swoop” (“Macbeth”). [136][137] Many critics believe that Shakespeare's greatest tragedies represent the peak of his art. Contact Us | Terms The grand speeches in Titus Andronicus, in the view of some critics, often hold up the action, for example; and the verse in The Two Gentlemen of Verona has been described as stilted. He, however, continued to support the Globe [220] Expressions such as "with bated breath" (Merchant of Venice) and "a foregone conclusion" (Othello) have found their way into everyday English speech. Perhaps because of their explicit sexual references or dark emotional character, the sonnets did not enjoy the same success as Shakespeare’s earlier lyrical works.

Shakespeare himself seems to have lived in rented accommodation while in London. The next date of interest is found in the records of the Stratford church, where a daughter, named Susanna, born to William Shakespeare, was baptized on May 26, 1583. Title page of the First Folio, the first published edition (1623) of the collected works of William Shakespeare; it was originally titled. among others, are solely entertainment and are not considered as part of the canon that makes up the playwright's personal life. [279], No written contemporary description of Shakespeare's physical appearance survives, and no evidence suggests that he ever commissioned a portrait, so the Droeshout engraving, which Ben Jonson approved of as a good likeness,[280] and his Stratford monument provide perhaps the best evidence of his appearance.

Players first acted in Stratford in 1568, the year that John Shakespeare was bailiff.

2: Macbeth - Act II. However, Shakespeare soon began to adapt the traditional styles to his own purposes. To the dismay of his biographers, Shakespeare disappears from the historical record between 1585, when his twins’ baptism was recorded, and 1592, when the playwright Robert Greene denounced him in a pamphlet as an “upstart crow” (evidence that he had already made a name for himself on the London stage). [47] The First Folio of 1623, however, lists Shakespeare as one of "the Principal Actors in all these Plays", some of which were first staged after Volpone, although one cannot know for certain which roles he played. [182][183][184] The Phoenix and the Turtle, printed in Robert Chester's 1601 Love's Martyr, mourns the deaths of the legendary phoenix and his lover, the faithful turtle dove. Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. These seven years are known as "Shakespeare's At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. [208][209], Shakespeare's work has made a lasting impression on later theatre and literature.

[148][149][150], In his final period, Shakespeare turned to romance or tragicomedy and completed three more major plays: Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale, and The Tempest, as well as the collaboration, Pericles, Prince of Tyre. [2][3][4] He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). Seward spent his early career as a lawyer before winning a seat in the New York State Senate in 1830. [54][55] A year later he was back in London to make the Gatehouse purchase. [110][108] His first histories, which draw heavily on the 1587 edition of Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland,[111] dramatise the destructive results of weak or corrupt rule and have been interpreted as a justification for the origins of the Tudor dynasty. But this method is unsatisfactory: one cannot conclude, for example, from his allusions to the law that Shakespeare was a lawyer, for he was clearly a writer who without difficulty could get whatever knowledge he needed for the composition of his plays. He is that unique writer: he has something for everyone. He is also the founder of the first Baptist church in America. [250][251] No Shakespearean poems were included in the First Folio. His reception in Germany was particularly significant; as early as the 18th century Shakespeare was widely translated and popularised in Germany, and gradually became a "classic of the German Weimar era;" Christoph Martin Wieland was the first to produce complete translations of Shakespeare's plays in any language. and all the men and women merely players:

The next day, two of Hathaway's neighbours posted bonds guaranteeing that no lawful claims impeded the marriage. He was one of eight children and lived to be the eldest surviving

[35] Later traditions maintain that he also played Adam in As You Like It, and the Chorus in Henry V,[61][62] though scholars doubt the sources of that information. Samuel Schoenbaum speculates that, "Maybe Shakespeare took Knell's place and thus found his way to London and stage-land.

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